The pancreas is the most important organ involved in the digestive processes. She is in second place in size and importance after the liver. Those who do not know where the pancreas is located and how it hurts are happy people. This means that they have no problems with this part of the body. This body has two main tasks, the violation of which leads to the failure of the whole organism:
- Isolation of enzymes that break down proteins, fats, carbohydrates.
- The production of insulin, which helps glucose into the cells.
The location of the pancreas in humans
The location of the pancreas is clearly visible in the photo below. The organ is located behind the stomach, so it is difficult to feel it during the initial examination. The front surface is adjacent to the stomach, and the back to the spine and aorta. The head in the lower part of the pancreas borders on the duodenum. Enzymes enter it through the ducts. These substances accelerate the digestion of food. If there is a lack of enzymes, then the chemical processes of the duodenum will be inhibited. Their insufficiency will lead to malfunction of the whole organism, various diseases.
The size of the body and the reasons for its changes
The pancreas has an elongated shape. The length is 16-17 centimeters, and the width is 2-4 centimeters. It has three parts: head, main body and tail. It can be greatly increased. This happens for various reasons:
- stressful situation;
- increased body weight;
- pathology of neighboring organs;
- bad habits – alcohol and smoking;
- age-related changes;
The main causes and mechanism of disease development
Acute, reactive and very common chronic pancreatitis are considered the most well-known diseases of the pancreas. In addition, diabetes and cancer. What causes the disease? These include:
- alcohol abuse
- inflammation of the liver;
- the use of fatty, fried, spicy foods;
- inflammation or obstruction of the ductal area with stones of the gallbladder;
- endocrine diseases;
- abdominal injuries;
- duodenal disease;
- prolonged use of drugs, such as antibiotics.
With persistent inflammation of the pancreas, the ducts are blocked, along which the secret goes. The fluid is not excreted into the duodenum. The body of the pancreas is corroded from the inside. In this case, fluid flows to neighboring organs. This destroys adjacent tissue. Pancreatic necrosis, suppuration occur. The problem is that the aorta is nearby. Damage to this large vessel leads to severe bleeding.
How the pancreas hurts: symptoms
It is clear about where the pancreas is located and how badly it hurts. Abundant, greasy, smoked, or spicy foods lead to seizures. Alcohol exacerbates the situation. What are the symptoms of the disease? What are the signs of a disease of this organ? These include:
- severe pain in the upper abdomen;
- alternating constipation with diarrhea;
- bloating, rumbling of the abdomen;
- heaviness after eating;
- yellowing of the skin;
Pain occurs in the body on the left or on the right – it depends on the location of the gland lesion. With violations in the body or tail, it is felt on the left or gives to the back. It will hurt in the right hypochondrium when the head of the organ is inflamed. The pain intensifies when taking acidic, oily, spicy food. It can be transmitted to the lower back or under the shoulder blade. It is important to pay attention to these symptoms in women during pregnancy. Hormonal changes often lead to exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis. This increases the risks for the development of the child. An urgent need to see a doctor, the appointment of treatment.
Diagnosis of diseases
Unfortunately, pancreatic diseases are difficult to diagnose in the early stages. There are no pronounced symptoms at this time. Although, subject to the early detection of the disease, the treatment started does not translate the inflammation into a chronic form. There are diagnostic methods such as clinical, laboratory and instrumental. They allow you to determine the features of the development of the disease. Thanks to this, doctors make an accurate diagnosis.
With the clinical method, the doctor examines the patient, talks with him. Based on this, he makes a preliminary diagnosis. This is not always objective, because often the signs of pancreatic diseases are similar to the symptoms of other diseases. For clarification, laboratory diagnostics are prescribed. These are blood and urine tests. The presence of enzymes in them gives clarity to the situation.
Instrumental methods include ultrasound examination, but computed tomography is more informative. Both of these methods investigate the anatomical features of the pancreas:
- define contours;
- dimensions, density;
- duct diameter;
- the presence of inflammation and cysts;
- the presence of stones;
- the existence of tumors.
Pancreatic Disease Treatment
What to do if the pancreas hurts and all the symptoms of the disease are evident? First of all, consult a doctor. Other diseases also have such symptoms. You will be prescribed tests and examinations. Based on the results, the doctor will decide how to treat the disease. He will tell you about which diet to follow. Describes in detail how to treat, what medications to take. It can be enzymes and pills for pain. Do not self-medicate. Medicines must be prescribed by a doctor. He also prescribes to do control blood tests for enzymes and an ultrasound examination.
How to cure the pancreas? This can only be done when the disease is not started and irreversible changes in the tissues have occurred. But on time and properly prescribed treatment is not all. Much depends on the actions of the patient himself. It is necessary to strictly follow a diet. Eat five times a day. Remove fatty, fried foods, alcohol from food. It is not advisable to eat sweet, starchy foods. Food should be low in calories. The diet should contain:
- lean meat, poultry;
- dairy products;
- fruits other than citrus fruits;
- cereals in milk;
- mucous soups.
Herbal treatment is also used at home. Well help infusion of chamomile, burdock. Dandelion tea and treatment with a golden mustache help to improve the condition. Propolis, honey, potato juice are used. Why is it recommended to coordinate treatment with folk remedies with your doctor? Just applying these techniques has many contraindications. And only the doctor will determine what is right for you.