Dyskinesia is understood as a violation of the motor functions of the digestive system without organic changes. This causes difficulty in promoting food in the gastrointestinal tract. The diagnosis is confirmed if symptoms persist 3 out of 30 days, resume within 3 months of the year. The disease is characteristic of patients aged 30–40 years. Among young women, women suffer more often from dyskinesia, from 50 years – both sexes in equal proportions.
Reasons for development and provoking factors
The main cause of dyskinesia is stress. Signs appear a couple of weeks after psychological trauma, for example, loss of a loved one.
The disease also develops with chronic stress – in difficult living conditions or barriers to activity, an unpleasant team, regular quarrels.
- the patient’s inability to distinguish whether a person is experiencing physical or emotional pain;
- emotional instability is manifested more often by somatic symptoms;
- inability to emotional discharge;
- increased anxiety (even emotions, for example, for a child, relatives, property can affect);
- predisposition to allergies;
- long-term treatment with antibiotics, anesthetics, anticholinergics;
- lack of movement;
- the habit of oily, junk food;
- genetic predisposition;
- viral or bacterial infections of the intestine;
- diabetes mellitus, hyperthyroidism, endocrine pathologies;
- lack of fiber in the diet.
Symptoms of dyskinesia
All symptoms of dyskinesia are divided into intestinal, gastroenterological and non-gastroenterological. The former can be suspected of dyskinesia, the latter can be observed with other pathologies of the digestive system. Non-gastroenterological symptoms indicate a general deterioration in a person’s condition.
A bright intestinal sign is a dull, aching pain, sometimes it has a dagger character. She never appears at night. In addition, the patient is not able to describe the localization of pain. It often intensifies after eating and weakens at the end of the act of emptying. Impurities of pus, blood in the feces are uncharacteristic for pathology, but the presence of mucus is often noted. Other intestinal symptoms:
- increased gas formation, increasing towards the end of the day, after dinner;
- chronic constipation or profuse diarrhea;
- a feeling of fullness of the intestines.
Along with intestinal symptoms, other gastroenterological symptoms indicate in favor of dyskinesia. This group includes the following symptoms:
- an increase in bursting in the abdomen;
- rumbling in the intestines;
- bad breath;
- an increase in the size of the abdomen;
- white or yellowish-white coating on the tongue;
All signs of dyskinesia from this category are nonspecific. They indicate a malfunction of the internal organs, because with intestinal pathologies, the absorption of nutrients deteriorates. As a result, the following symptoms may appear:
- weight gain or rapid weight loss;
- allergic manifestations;
- nervousness, depression;
- pain in the spine;
- incomplete volume of inspiration;
- increased anxiety;
- feeling of lack of air.
Forecast and Prevention
There is no specific prophylaxis of dyskinesia. The prognosis is favorable for life – with such a pathology of the intestine, the frequency of development of inflammatory diseases corresponds to the average in the population. The same goes for the development of tumor diseases.
Less favorable prognosis for dyskinesia relates to recovery. Prolonged remission reaches only one in ten patients. The forecast worsens in situations:
- unwillingness to be treated;
- prolonged course of the disease before starting therapy;
- chronic stress;
- concomitant psychiatric pathology.