Colitis is characterized by an inflammatory phenomenon that occurs in the mucous membrane located in the colon. Exacerbation of the disease can be caused by food irritants, emotional overload, overwork, antibiotic therapy, etc. Timely treatment of colitis will save you from many problems. This disease provokes complications such as anemia, dehydration, poisoning of a chronic nature.
Symptoms and signs of intestinal colitis
Signs of acute colitis are: bloating, pain in the abdomen and right side, diarrhea, the inclusion of blood, mucus in the bowel movements, fever, worsening general condition, bitterness in the mouth. During an exacerbation of the course of the chronic type of illness, a person experiences general malaise, nausea, poor appetite, cramping pains, alternating constipation and diarrhea, mucous discharge, severe painful urges to defecate.
Types of colitis and their causes
According to the type of colitis, chronic and acute are distinguished. The latter proceeds rapidly, rapidly, and chronic – for a long time, sluggishly. The acute type of the disease can go hand in hand with enterocolitis, gastroenterocolitis, gastritis. In addition, diseases can be ulcerative, nonspecific, infectious, spastic, catarrhal, erosive, superficial, atrophic, etc. Let us consider each species in more detail.
The most common form of colitis, which is accompanied by inflammation of the gastric mucosa, small intestine. Pathogens can be shigella, salmonella, other pathogenic bacteria and viruses. The cause is food poisoning, malnutrition, general infections, allergies, toxic substances. The large intestine becomes inflamed due to the influence of damaging factors on the mucous membrane.
The chronic form of the disease can be non-infectious and infectious. The causative agents of intestinal infections cause an infectious disease. Colitis develops under the influence of dysbiosis, when the pathogenic flora is activated. Non-infectious, which is caused by an illiterate diet and diet, is more common. It can also occur after taking antibiotics, laxative drugs.
The ulcer type of the disease is characterized by a hemorrhagic-purulent inflammatory process of the colon with the development of systemic, local complications. The exact causes and origin of the disease are still unknown. There are suggestions that the disease can be caused by an unbalanced diet, an unknown infection, drugs, genetic mutations, shifts in the intestinal flora and stress.
The spastic type is often triggered by an unhealthy lifestyle, as well as errors made in the diet. In many cases, such an ailment is called by doctors an irritable bowel syndrome, during which there is an inflammatory event of a chronic type in the colon mucosa. The disease can develop after consuming coffee, soda, alcohol, poor-quality food for a long time, and also after suffering gastroenteritis.
This is a serious complication caused by taking antibiotics. It is characterized by the development of specific dysbiosis, which provokes inflammatory bowel phenomena. During this, fibrous deposits are formed, the so-called pseudomembranes. The disease develops with the use of antibiotics. The immediate cause of the disease lies in dysbiosis, when one microorganism, Clostridium difficile, predominates.
This ailment is one of the stages of inflammation of the colon. It occurs after dyspepsia, lasts for several days. If adequate treatment has not been followed, then catarrhal colitis flows into chronic, fibrous or ulcerative. The risk group includes people who suffer from vitamin deficiency, weakened immunity. Intestinal disorders and diseases can also trigger an ailment.
Atrophic colitis, a disease of the colon, occurs due to eating disorders. In addition, it can develop due to an improper diet. Can be diagnosed with toxic colitis, which subsequently occur in the body intoxication with mercury, lead, arsenic. For the medicinal type of the disease, prolonged use of antibiotics and laxatives of various origins is characteristic.
Causes and symptoms of colitis in children
In most cases, colitis in children develops due to bacterial dysentery. In addition, other viruses and microorganisms, infestations of worms and protozoa provoke the disease. Alimentary colitis occurs in case of eating disorders, deficiency of vitamins, proteins, long consumption of rough and spicy foods. The disease develops due to allergies, malfunctions of the digestive system, nervous system, and cardiovascular system. Frequent use of antibiotics, various drugs, tendency, developmental abnormalities, intestinal dysfunction can be the cause of colitis.
Acute colitis is accompanied by fever, vomiting, weakness in the child, pain. The stool becomes more frequent, the stool becomes foamy, watery, with a green tint, streaks of blood, impurities of mucus. The chronic type of the disease alternates with periods of remission and exacerbation. In infants or older children, chronic colitis is characterized by impaired stool, pain.
Ways to treat colitis at home
If you have symptoms of colitis, then you should contact a medical clinic for treatment. Depending on the location of the inflammation, the severity of the diagnosis, the disease can be addressed by surgical specialists, a proctologist and a gastroenterologist. Only a doctor can prescribe adequate treatment for an adult and children in each individual case, especially during pregnancy. At home, the patient can follow a diet, try alternative methods, homeopathic remedies, and take medications prescribed by a doctor.
Diet and special diet
Gastroenterologists recommend observing the fourth therapeutic dietary table for colitis. General nutritional requirements for treatment:
- Concentrated fruit juices are prohibited. Instead, consume fresh fruits for treatment.
- You can not abuse meat, especially pork and beef in the treatment.
- Forbidden to treat bran, bran bread, fried foods.
- Salads and fresh vegetables are prohibited.
- It is not recommended for the treatment of very cold and hot food, a large amount of liquid.
- You can not include spices and seasonings in the diet for treatment, fruits and vegetables with seeds during treatment.
- Lamb, chicken, fruits, vegetables without seeds are allowed.
- During treatment, vegetables are steamed, boiled, fruits are baked.
- When treating yesterday’s bread, warm mashed soups are allowed.
- Animal fats are limited, and butter is sometimes allowed.
- Food should have a delicate consistency to treat different types of colitis.
- On an empty stomach in the morning you need to drink a glass of boiled warm water.