The diet for gastritis has its own characteristics. First of all, she must be gentle. But at the same time, the patient should not suffer from a lack of vitamins that can be obtained by eating fruits and vegetables. What fruits can be eaten with gastritis, and in what form, so as not to harm the stomach and get enough vitamins and minerals?
Acute phase nutrition
With exacerbation of gastritis (this is the most difficult stage), when pain symptoms are most pronounced, all kinds of fruits and vegetables are excluded. Using initially only mucous soups, vegetables are gradually introduced (for example, a little broccoli, baked eggplant or stewed, a few tomatoes and greens), only later can simple apples be introduced into the diet. But you need to eat non-acidic varieties and after proper preparation.
In order not to harm the irritated mucosa, you need to cook these apples: peel, cut into halves and bake in the oven. To further mitigate the effects on the stomach, cooked apples are mashed. Apples are introduced into the diet due to the fact that they contain pectin that protects the gastric mucosa.
With increased acidity
If you have increased acidity, and you doubt whether or not to eat fruit, then select bananas. Bananas do not irritate the stomach, and the substances in their composition envelop the mucous membrane and protect it. You can also gradually introduce peaches, sweet apples, pears (cutting off the skin), sweet grapes (if it does not cause increased gas formation) into the diet.
The presence of early melons and watermelons in the diet is strictly not allowed, and ripe and sweet (mainly autumn varieties) can be consumed, but as a separate dish on your own, and not as a dessert. Otherwise, the stomach will be overloaded and pain may occur.
With low acidity
In the case of low acidity, the stomach produces little acid, so the food is not completely digested and in this form gets into the intestine, where fermentation and decay can begin. Therefore, you must eat those fruits that will stimulate the activity of the stomach. These properties are baked apples. Also, cherries, apricots and plums, which are undesirable to eat fresh – it is better to use them for the manufacture of jelly, mashed potatoes, jelly, stewed fruit.
Of the berries, it is recommended to use cranberries and lingonberries. Berries with large seeds and rough skin cannot be eaten. You can have citrus fruits in your diet, but first you should check their individual tolerance.
With the progression of the disease, it can reach the formation of an ulcer, and here treatment and a strict diet must necessarily take place. If you have been diagnosed with erosive gastritis, then after the end of the acute phase of the disease, you can gradually introduce peeled and chopped pears and apples into the diet. Shredded carrots can also be added to this mixture.
At this stage of the disease, it is necessary to abandon the use of grapes, kiwi, peaches, all types of citrus fruits, melons and watermelons, since these fruits cause fermentation and a sharp increase in acidity.
Eating fruit for gastritis
Consider the use of some fruits in more detail to understand how important the presence or absence of this fruit in the diet of a patient with gastritis.
This almost universal fruit is allowed for use in any acidity. Banana has a fairly soft structure, envelops the walls of the stomach and normalizes digestive processes.
Bananas have a therapeutic effect on the body – for this you need to eat one banana per day. An exception is the patient’s propensity for flatulence.
A pear can be left in the diet, it has a lot of useful properties – it has an anti-inflammatory effect, fixes the result of the therapy, removes toxins, toxins, and excess fats from the body. Pears stimulate the work of the digestive tract.
This fruit is also indispensable for high acidity, but preference should be given to sweet varieties of apples. It is better to use them without a peel, and it is even more useful to bake them in the oven in advance and mash them.
In general, with any acidity, apples are useful, you just need to know the reduced acidity or increased, and depending on this, introduce acidic varieties or sweet varieties (with increased acidity) into the diet.
Tangerines (lemons, limes, oranges and other citrus fruits)
The fruit itself is extremely useful for the body, but not for the patient with gastritis, especially with high acidity. Since this fruit irritates the stomach walls. With low acidity, this fruit can be introduced into the diet, but in small quantities. Such fruits can cause acid reflux and heartburn, as well as stomach pain. You should also carefully consider the use of citrus fruits for those who are prone to allergies. Citrus juices – orange, grapefruit are also excluded. Grapefruit is especially dangerous for eating with gastritis.
If the patient has gastritis with low acidity, then the use of kiwi is allowed. This fruit is rich in ascorbic acid, it stimulates the secretion of gastric juice. It is better to eat after eating.
The disadvantage of this fruit for patients with gastritis is its ability to long digest and subsequent fermentation, which can cause discomfort, colic, heartburn, nausea, bloating. With exacerbation of gastritis, its use is strictly prohibited. Although a small amount can be consumed with high acidity.
Since this product is very difficult to digest, its use is also undesirable for gastritis, especially with low acidity. Melon is digested for a very long time, and food in the stomach begins to ferment. In addition, melon can cause severe allergic reactions, has a strong laxative property and causes an increase in the production of gastric juice.
This gourd is useful for the disease in order to remove excess toxins and toxins from the body. However, if the patient has renal colic, then especially should not lean on a watermelon. With gastritis, it is quite enough to eat a few slices of watermelon per day and after a few days the patient will feel an improvement in health and general condition. One of the medicines is a cooked decoction of watermelon peels. It is used for therapeutic purposes.
Since this fruit has strongly pronounced antibiotic properties, it is very useful to use it for remission of the disease. It is allowed to eat 1-2 fruits per day. Persimmon improves immunity, eliminates diarrhea, since a small amount of acid is present in it. It sparingly affects the digestive tract (therefore, it is recommended for hyperacid gastritis). Thiamine, which is present in persimmons, normalizes acidity. Persimmon is contraindicated in peptic ulcer and gastritis of an erosive type.
This fruit has a strong antibacterial effect and is very useful for inflammation of the gastric mucosa. For the prevention and prevention of gastrointestinal pathologies, one fetus per day should be eaten.
These berries are classified as natural antibiotics, therefore, if the bacterium Helicobacter pylori is to blame for the occurrence of gastritis, then cranberries are considered an indispensable product. If the mucous membrane is inflamed, then cranberries can be eaten with normal or low acidity. To increase the secretion of hydrochloric acid secretion, it is good to drink cranberry fruit drinks.
It is better not to eat whole fruits, but to make mashed potatoes from them, some can be baked – it is in this form that they are as harmless to the stomach as possible. You can make compotes and smoothies out of many fruits, but it’s better to forget about fresh juices (fresh juices), compotes from dried fruits, for example, from prunes, are good. Fruit marmalades, marshmallows, marshmallows (only on pectin), homemade jams and fruit jams are very good for eating with gastritis. Properly prepared fruits will benefit a weakened body.
The possibility of eating some fruits depends on the patient’s personal intolerance.