How do you know if it’s an intestinal infection?
Diarrhea, repeated vomiting, chills and weakness, cutting pains in the abdomen, fever.
In most cases, an intestinal infection can be left untreated for a couple of days. But there are also severe cases that can lead to dehydration and the danger of the child’s life – this happens due to diarrhea.
How to recognize dehydration?
- The child is lethargic and sleepy
- Breathing and heartbeat more often than usual
- The skin becomes less elastic
- Inappropriate behavior
- The fontanelle and eyes are sunken
- When you press the nail, it remains white for a few more seconds.
What to do if you are dehydrated?
The child needs to be soldered and properly cared for.
Babies should be breastfed more often than usual or formula given if they are formula fed.
It is important to give the child as much or more fluid as he lost. If the child is very small, then the liquid can be given through a syringe, every 5-10 minutes. For older children, the time interval and method remains the same, but the volume increases to 3 tablespoons.
Suitable for desoldering: Oral rehydration solution, water, salted drinks (for example, salted rice water or salted yoghurt drink), vegetable or chicken soup with salt.
Never give beverages: carbonated soft drinks, consumer fruit juices, sweetened tea, coffee, medicated teas, or infusion solutions.
What oral rehydration solutions can I give to children?
It is necessary to use a solution in which the osmolarity is low (240-250 mOsm / L).
If you cannot get drunk, then call an ambulance without fail. Depending on the severity, the ambulance will either be hospitalized or inject intravenous saline preparations.
With regard to nutrition, in no case do not force-feed the child, eating should be done according to the presence of appetite.
What can you feed?
Cereals, vegetables and other food products that have undergone good heat treatment, mashed or crushed for easier digestion. Whenever possible, 5-10 ml of vegetable oil should be added to each serving of porridge. You can eat meat, fish or eggs; Potassium-rich foods: bananas and freshly made fruit juice.
Rarely enough, there is a need for antibiotics, intravenous fluids, antiemetics and zinc preparations.
The final conclusion about the appointment of the above treatment methods is taken by the doctor.
What should you refrain from?
- Antidiarrheal drugs (they increase the risks of intoxication and complications, while recovery is not accelerated)
- Enzymes and immunomodulators
- High fat foods
- Intestinal antiseptics. In 2003, after a reassessment of the benefit / risk ratio of its use and lengthy discussions between manufacturers and the French Medicines Agency (FMA), the use of the suspension was restricted and prohibited in children under two years of age.
It is important to know that the use of sorbents helps to stop diarrhea for a while, but this process occurs by fixing the fecal mass, which in turn can create a plug that comes out with painful sensations.
What are the ways to reduce the risk of catching an intestinal infection?
- Hands should be washed after each visit to a public place, street, toilet, diaper change, taking out the trash, etc.
- Postpone your children’s visits to public places by two days after the last vomiting or diarrhea.
- Swimming is also banned for 2 weeks after the final episodes of vomiting and diarrhea.
- Use different towels for family members.
- If your baby is still breastfed, this process will also help reduce the risk of contracting an intestinal infection.
- Vaccine against rotavirus infection.