Reflux esophagitis is a disease of the gastrointestinal tract that is characterized by the discharge of bile from the stomach into the esophagus. The contents of the stomach can reach the mouth. The walls of the stomach are irritated, ulcers and heartburn appear, the patient feels severe pain.
Most often, the pathology is caused by inflammatory processes of the gallbladder and liver. Normally, bile is produced by the liver and passes into the gallbladder. The digestive juices are mixed in the stomach, after which the digestion process takes place.
The work of the sphincters is disrupted. A huge amount of bile accumulates in the stomach, which negatively affects the entire body as a whole. The functioning of the esophagus and intestines is completely disrupted, the mucous membrane of the stomach is injured. Leads to reflux gastritis, to the appearance of neoplasms. There are erosion and ulcers, inflammation of the esophagus.
The bile overflow causes severe pain in the stomach after eating, which can be compared to colic. There is an unpleasant taste in the mouth, belching, flatulence. If such signs appear, you should urgently consult a gastroenterologist. If untreated, the disease leads to negative consequences.
Symptoms of the discharge of bile into the stomach
The release of bile is not asymptomatic. The patient is worried about heartburn after eating. The pain is worse when moving and when swallowing. Bitterness and an unpleasant aftertaste appear in the mouth, a burning sensation in the larynx. After eating, belching, vomiting, and nausea are observed for a long time. A concomitant symptom is called hiccups, flatulence, gas formation.
In some cases, the patient is worried about tachycardia, changes in blood pressure, temperature. Cold sweat, chills, dizziness appear. The mucous membrane is irritated, injured, adhesions are placed on it. Leads to serious complications, causes stomach cancer.
It is important to diagnose the disease in time in order to cure it in the early stages.
Treatment of the discharge of bile into the stomach
How to treat the reflux of bile into the stomach? Treatment depends on the patient’s condition, on the neglect of his illness. Initially, it is worth conducting a comprehensive examination of the body. The patient is referred for tests, gastroscopy. This examination is carried out using an endoscope with a microcamera, which allows you to examine the internal organs as accurately as possible.
Next, a medical examiner takes a biopsy of the mucous membrane to diagnose the presence of painful bacteria in the body. They also carry out echography, ultrasound diagnostics, radiography using a contrast liquid.
Diet is a prerequisite for treating bile flow. A diet of vitamins and minerals protects the mucous membrane from the effects of bile. It is worth excluding carbonated and alcoholic drinks, fried and flour, smoked and sweet. Acidic food stimulates bile secretion, so it is better to exclude it from the diet altogether.
Strengthen the organs of the digestive tract of cereals and bran, vegetables and fruits, vitamin C, namely citrus fruits. The diet should be fractional. The patient needs to eat in small portions many times a day.
Antacids and prokinetics are credited as medication. These groups of drugs improve the tone of the pylorus and increase the activity of the cardiac stomach. Antacids lower and neutralize acidity in the body.
It is also advised to normalize sleep patterns. Benefits bring walks in the fresh air, aromatherapy. In advanced cases, surgery and treatment are used in a hospital setting.