Intestinal cramps bother the patient for a variety of reasons. Colic pains are associated with a violation of the gastrointestinal tract. The reasons may be unhealthy diet, surgery, medication and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. All of the above factors lead to stomach cramps.
Intestinal spasm is a rapid and prolonged muscle contraction, characterized by a delay in the relaxation phase. A spasm of the transverse muscles is called a spasm, while a spasm of the smooth muscle is called colic.
Most often, intestinal spasm develops in the small intestine, after which the pathological contraction can spread throughout the digestive tract, when intestinal colic becomes generalized.
Causes of intestinal cramps
Intestinal cramps can be caused by a number of factors:
Bacterial gastroenteritis. This disease is characterized by cramping pain in the intestines, bloating, and nausea. It arises in connection with the ingress of bacteria into the microflora of the human body.
Duodenitis. The disease is associated with damage to the duodenum. The patient feels colicky pain in the stomach. Pain syndromes increase during coughing. Duodenitis is an inflammatory disease of the duodenum. The diagnosis is most common in male patients. Duodenitis can be caused by excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages, fried and flour, salty. Poisoning with toxic substances and drugs also leads to the development of duodenitis.
Dysbacteriosis. Dysbacteriosis is an excess, deficiency or imbalance in the number of beneficial and harmful microorganisms in the intestine. The disease can develop due to increased acidity in the human body.
Dysbacteriosis appears in a weak body after the use of antibiotics. A special factor in the development of dysbiosis is that the intestine cannot independently promote its content. Dysbacteriosis actively develops if pathogenic microbes or parasites (dysentery, viral diseases, salmonellosis, helminthiasis, lamblia) multiply in the intestine.
Pathogenesis. A complex inflammatory process develops in the body. The patient feels colicky pains, severe cramps, bloating and nausea. During the development of pathogenesis, the patient has acute cutting pains in the lower abdomen. Pathogenesis in advanced cases is removed by surgery.
Hypersensitivity. People with a weakened body have increased sensitivity. The body is very susceptible to infections, allergies and inflammation. With hypersensitivity, the patient often suffers from colicky cutting pains, flatulence, diarrhea or constipation, bloating, nausea and vomiting.
Intestinal motility disorders. In case of violation of intestinal motility, the patient observes frequent disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. The patient is tormented by constipation and frustration, he feels discomfort in the intestines.
Bowel crampBowel cramps s symptoms
Intestinal cramps are accompanied by a number of other symptoms:
Heaviness in the stomach. In addition to spasms in the intestines, the patient feels heaviness in the stomach for no apparent reason. The onset of this symptom occurs on an empty stomach and immediately after eating.
Lack of appetite. The patient notices a lack of appetite. The body refuses to eat. Sometimes these symptoms are accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
Violation of the gastrointestinal tract. Cramps in the stomach often lead to disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. The patient begins to have problems with stool, upset and constipation.
Temperature increase. With an inflammatory process in the human body, the temperature rises. The patient’s condition is characterized by weakness, lack of appetite and constant drowsiness.
Headache. The patient is plagued by headache, chills, loss of energy. Migraines often begin.
Flatulence. Flatulence is one of the main symptoms accompanying intestinal cramps. Flatulence continues for several days. It intensifies after eating.