Diet for dysbacteriosis

The main reason for the spread of dysbacteriosis is malnutrition.

The main means of prevention of many diseases — products based on milk, especially with the addition of a bacteria-probiotics: bifidokefir, bio fermented baked milk based, cheese or yogurt — all these products are produced by natural fermentation.

Products with life-giving bifidobacteria should be stored only in the refrigerator, and the optimal temperature for their storage is from +2 to +6 °C. the shelf Life of such products is 1-2 days.

In addition to the already mentioned products with the prefix “bio”, we note as no less useful soft and processed cheeses with the addition of bifidobacteria.

Another product that is not useless for intestinal microflora is buttermilk. While beating the butter in the buttermilk goes up to 85% of phosphatides, which contain compounds of proteins and the most easily and quickly digested. At the same time, phosphatides immediately go to the construction of nervous tissue, thus helping the body to better withstand stress, the fact that people who constantly use buttermilk are less prone to stress, experts noted. Buttermilk has another advantage — it contains very little cholesterol, while butter, sour cream and even whole milk contribute to the accumulation of harmful varieties of cholesterol in the blood. Therefore, the value of probiotic-rich buttermilk for the human body can not be overestimated.

In the production of probiotic products, microorganisms are used that are not pathogenic or toxicogenic by nature, that is, do not cause any infections or poisoning. In addition, there are a number of very strict registered requirements for the purity of probiotics. For example, in 100 ml of biokefir must not be present not a single extraneous bacteria.

Speaking about the advantages of probiotics, it is important to note that they are all included in cholesterol metabolism. The normalization of cholesterol metabolism improves the exchange of estrogen — female sex hormones. The consequence: you are not suffering from dysbiosis women have better hormonal balance. Products-probiotics are simply necessary for future mothers. They seriously increase the likelihood of a healthy baby. In addition, in the first months of a newborn’s life, the risk of such age-specific intestinal disorders will be significantly reduced.

Equally important bioproducts and representatives of the hazardous occupations, in the first place — for women employed in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries, as well as for residents of ecologically unfavorable regions.

Probably needs correction of the intestinal flora of people who are prone to stress. And certainly need it, those who are treated with antibiotics. All these people need to use probiotics to prevent dysbacteriosis. Fans of international tourism before going on a trip, especially in exotic countries, it is also worth for 7 days to take probiotics — this is an excellent prevention of gastrointestinal diseases on the way.

Speaking of a healthy diet, it is important to note that a healthy lifestyle begins at birth, and a healthy diet — including.

To maintain the health of both the child and the adult, it is important to follow some rules:
— Do not neglect the natural feeding of the baby.
— The growing baby should eat rationally and balanced — eat everything little by little, avoiding monotony in the diet.
— Eat less food rich in cholesterol, such as giblets or eggs, and rich in saturated fatty acids — animal fat, whole milk products.
— Consume more foods rich in plant fibers — cereals, greens, and antioxidant-rich — citrus, currant, pepper.
— For a healthy lifestyle is important rational allocation of time, compliance with the regime of the day.

Diets recommended for people suffering from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract:

Diet № 1

It is recommended for the following diseases: gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer in the stage of subsiding exacerbation of scarring ulcers, as well as in remission. Chronic gastritis with preserved or increased secretion, acute gastritis during recovery.

The purpose of the diet: to spare the stomach and duodenum, excluding chemical, thermal and limiting mechanical stimuli; to promote the process of scarring ulcers, normalization of motor and secretory activity of the stomach, reduce inflammation.

General characteristics of the diet: physiologically complete diet with restriction of substances that excite gastric secretion and irritate the gastric mucosa. The diet is prescribed with the necessary amount of calories and a normal ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates (1:1: 4), with an increased content of vitamins A and C.
Following this diet:
— avoid dishes that have a strong sokogonnym action, irritating the mucous membrane of the stomach (such as broths, ears, roasted meat, spices, coffee, etc.).);
— limit the consumption of dishes containing a lot of fiber;
— beware of the use of the headed cabbages, turnips, radishes, sorrel, spinach, onions, radishes, rutabagas;
— exclude mushrooms, sour fruits and berries from your diet;
— cook food steamed or boiled;
— exclude the use of very hot or very cold dishes;
— eat food liquid, mushy, mashed — eat less dense consistency.

Remember that food should not be too abundant. Eat often but little by little. The number of meals — 5-6 times a day. Reduce salt intake. The total amount of food consumed per day (together with the liquid) should not exceed the norm recommended for a healthy person, that is 3 liters.

Composition of food (in grams): protein 100, fat — 100 carbs — 400. Calorie — 3000 kcal.

A set of products that are recommended to use: boiled beef, chicken meat, boiled fish, steamed cutlets, milk soups, grated cereals and vegetables, whole milk, cream, sour cream, low-fat cottage cheese, butter, eggs, boiled soft-boiled, white stale bread (“yesterday”), white crackers, vegetable puree, carrots, potatoes, cauliflower, baked apples, compotes of fresh fruit, jam, honey, sugar weak tea, cocoa with milk.

Diet № 2

Indications: exacerbation of peptic ulcer disease during the first 8-10 days of treatment for bleeding; exacerbation of gastritis with increased secretion; burns of the esophagus.

Purpose: to spare the stomach as much as possible, eliminating chemical, mechanical and thermal stimuli.

General characteristic: a diet of reduced energy value (due to carbohydrates and partially — fats and proteins). Substances which excite the secretion of gastric juice and mucous membrane irritant. Table salt is limited.

Following this diet:
— avoid dishes that have a strong sokogonnym action, irritating the mucous membrane of the stomach – broths, soup, fried meat, spices, coffee, lactic acid products;
— limit the consumption of dishes containing a lot of fiber;
— beware of the use of the headed cabbages, turnips, radishes, sorrel, spinach, onions, radishes, rutabagas;
— eliminate mushrooms from your diet, as well as sour varieties of fruits and berries;
— use well-cooked or steamed food;
— exclude the use of very hot or very cold dishes;
— eat food mostly in liquid and semi-liquid form, wiped — eat less dense consistency.

Remember that food should not be too abundant (eat more often, but little by little). Number of meals — every 2-3 hours in small portions. Take milk or cream at night.

The composition of food consumed (in grams): proteins — 80 (including animals — 60-70 %), fat — 80-90, carbohydrates — 200, salt — 8. Calories — 1900-2000 kcal.

Recommended set of products: low-fat meat, fish, boiled chicken (cranked through a meat grinder), souffle, eggs, boiled soft, cottage cheese or diet cheese souffle, whole milk, broth rose hips, weak tea, butter.

Diet № 3

Indications: chronic gastritis or peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum.

Purpose: to spare the stomach as much as possible, eliminating chemical, mechanical and thermal stimuli; to create favorable conditions for the elimination of inflammation and healing of ulcers.

General characteristic: a diet of reduced energy value (due to carbohydrates) with a normal content of fats and proteins. Excluded substances that excite the secretion of gastric juice and irritating the mucous membrane. Table salt is limited.

Following this diet:
— avoid dishes with strong sokogonnym action, irritating the mucous membrane of the stomach – broths, soup, roasted meat, spices, coffee;
— limit the consumption of foods that contain a lot of fiber;
— beware of the use of the headed cabbages, turnips, radishes, sorrel, spinach, onions, radishes, rutabagas;
— eliminate the use of mushrooms, sour fruits and berries;
— eat boiled or steamed dishes;
— exclude from your diet very hot or very cold dishes;
— eat food mostly in liquid and semi-liquid form, wiped — eat less dense consistency.

Remember that food should not be too abundant. The number of meals — 6 times a day in small portions. At night — milk or cream.

Food composition (in grams): proteins — 90 (including animals — 60-70 %), fats — 90-95 (vegetable — 25 %), carbohydrates — 300-350, salt — 8-10. Calorie — 2500-2600 kcal.

Set of products: low-fat meat, fish, boiled, minced chicken, souffle, eggs, boiled soft-boiled, carrots, beets, cauliflower, potatoes, cottage cheese diet or cheese souffle, whole milk, cream, sour yogurt, broth of rose hips, weak tea, butter.

Diet № 4

Indications: acute and chronic gastritis with secretory insufficiency; chronic enterocolitis beyond the stage of exacerbation; dysfunction of the chewing apparatus; recovery period after surgery and after acute infection, as well as in other cases, when moderate sparing of the gastrointestinal tract is shown.

Purpose: to promote the normal functioning of the stomach and intestines; to spare the gastrointestinal tract from mechanical action.

General characteristics: physiologically complete diet with the preservation of extractive and other stimulating secretion of gastric juice (but not irritating the mucous membrane of the stomach) substances. Meat with coarse connective tissue and products containing vegetable fiber are used mainly in crushed form.

Following this diet:
— avoid spicy, spicy, smoked, canned food, grape juice and melon, soft white bread and muffin, fatty meat, mushrooms, garlic;
— limit the use of potatoes, green onions, sour cream and herring;
— beware of eating cabbage, turnips, radishes, radishes, legumes;
— eat food baked, stewed or boiled, as well as steamed;
— exclude the use of very hot or very cold dishes.

Remember that food should not be too abundant. The number of meals — 5 times a day in small portions. Before going to bed, drink a glass of kefir.

Food composition (in grams): proteins — 90-100 (animals — 60 %), fats — 90-100 (vegetable — 25 %), carbohydrates — 400-420; vitamin C — 100 mg, other vitamins — in increased amounts. Caloric value — 2800-3000 kcal.

Set of products: “yesterday’s” white bread, dry biscuits, soups of cereals and vegetables on a weak meat, fish and chicken broth, lean beef, boiled chicken, steam, baked, jelly, fish piece or cutlets boiled, steam, jellied, herring, soaked or chopped, vegetables — potatoes, beets, carrots — boiled, stewed, fresh Tomatoes, acidophilus, kefir, dietary cottage cheese, compote, fruit and vegetable juices, baked apples, marmalade, sugar, mild grated cheese, tea, coffee, cocoa on water with milk, butter.

Diet № 5

Indications: chronic bowel disease, accompanied by constipation.

Purpose: to promote the normal functioning of the intestine.

General characteristic: physiologically complete diet with the inclusion of dishes and products that stimulate bowel emptying.

Following this diet:
— avoid spicy, spicy, smoked, canned, semolina, rice, vermicelli, soft white bread and muffin, fatty meat, mushrooms, garlic;
— limit the use of chocolate, cocoa, strong tea, cream products;
— beware of eating legumes;
— increase the consumption of foods rich in fiber.

Remember that food should not be too abundant. The number of meals — 4-6 times a day in small portions. In the morning on an empty stomach drink a glass of cold water with honey, fruit or vegetable juice. At night — kefir, compote of fresh or dried fruit, prunes, fresh fruit.

Food composition (in grams): proteins— 90— 1 00 (animals — 55 %), fat — 90-130 (vegetable — 30-40 %), carbohydrates — 400-420, salt — 15. Caloric value — 2800-3000 kcal.

Set of products: bread from flour of rough grinding, vegetable soups on weak meat, fish or chicken broth, low — fat beef, boiled chicken, boiled fish in a piece or in cutlets, vegetables-potatoes, beets, carrots, zucchini, cauliflower and white cabbage, fresh tomatoes, acidophilus, kefir, cottage cheese diet, compote, fruit and vegetable juices, soaked dried fruits, honey, broth rosehip, cheese, tea, coffee, cocoa on water with milk, butter.

Diet № 6

Indications: gastroenterocolitis, acute enterocolitis (and exacerbation of chronic); dysentery in the acute stage; condition after surgery on the intestine.

Purpose: mechanical and chemical intestinal sparing, reduction of inflammation, in particular, by eliminating products that enhance peristalsis and fermentation processes in the intestine.

General characteristic: a diet of reduced energy value by reducing the content of fats and carbohydrates, proteins within the norm, the content of lipotropic substances is increased. Excluded extractives (spice, spicy seasonings) and the products of the digestion of fats produced during frying.

Following this diet:
— exclude from food beans, peas, beans, lentils, mushrooms;
— limit the consumption of foods that contain a lot of fiber;
— beware of the use of radish, radish, turnip;
— eat foods mainly of pureed foods, boiled or steamed.

Food should not be too plentiful. The number of meals — 5 times a day in small portions.

Drink a decoction of rose hips daily. At night — a glass of kefir. Food composition (in grams): proteins — 90 (including animals — 60-65 %), fats — 70 (vegetable — 25 %), carbohydrates — 250, salt — 8-10. Calories — 2000 kcal.

Set of products: low-fat meat in chopped form, chicken and fish boiled or chopped, soups on low-fat meat broth with rice, liquid porridge (buckwheat done), broth of rose hips, blueberries, white stale bread, plentiful drink (tea, jelly, mineral water), vegetable fiber (fruits, vegetables).

Diet № 7

Indications: chronic diseases of the liver and biliary tract (cholecystitis, hepatitis, cirrhosis) outside the period of exacerbation and in the absence of diseases of the stomach and intestines; Botkin’s disease in the recovery stage.

The purpose of the appointment: to promote the restoration of impaired liver function, to promote the accumulation of glycogen in it, to normalize liver fat metabolism by limiting food fats (mainly refractory) and the introduction of substances that have lipotropic effect; reduce liver intoxication, regulating bowel function; stimulate bile secretion; eliminate nutrients that irritate the liver and cause exacerbation of the disease.

General characteristic: a diet with a physiological norm of proteins, with some increase in carbohydrates, moderate restriction of fats (patients with impaired fat metabolism limit carbohydrates).

The diet involves an increased amount of lipo-tropic substances (limiting the deposition of fat in the liver) and vitamins. The rate of consumption of table salt — up to 10-12 g.

Following this diet:
— try to limit as much as possible the use of meat, fish and mushroom C^POV, broths, gravies, hard-boiled eggs;
— limit fat intake;
— completely eliminate fried;
— exclude foods rich in cholesterol (fatty meats, ghee, walnuts);
— eat ground food, baked or boiled;
— limit the use of flour and pasta. Jam and honey can be used, but only in limited quantities.

Remember that food should not be too abundant. The number of meals — 5-6 times a day in small portions. Drink a decoction of rose hips daily. At night — a glass of kefir. Increase the total amount of liquid with soup and other liquid dishes to 7-8 cups.

Composition of food (in grams): protein — 100 (the stomach — 60 %), fat — 80-90 (vegetable — 30 %), carbohydrates— 400-450. Caloric value — 2800-3000 kcal.

Set of products: low-fat varieties of meat and poultry, boiled and chopped fish (steamed cutlets), soaked chopped herring, milk, curd, acidophilus, cottage cheese, kefir, cheese, eggs, boiled soft-boiled or steam omelets, butter, salads — sunflower oil, fruits and berries (sweet), soups of vegetables, milk soups, vegetables in the form of salads and vinaigrettes, wheat bread with bran.

local_offerevent_note May 8, 2019

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