According to statistics, it is this form of the disease in 80% of cases leads to the appearance of an ulcer!
Familiar to many, the concept of “gastritis” is very capacious and implies inflammation of the gastric mucosa. But there are a lot of varieties of this disease: the classification is based on the course of the process (acute or chronic gastritis), by location, by morphology, by prevalence of the lesion.
Today, scientists talk about antral gastritis, because according to statistics it is this form of the disease that causes ulcers in 80% of cases.
What is antral gastritis?
Antral gastritis is localized in the lowest part of the stomach, passing into the duodenum. The mucous membrane of this section produces the hormone gastrin, which has a powerful stimulating effect on the production of acid. Thus, it is hypersecretory gastritis with increased acidity, which is a chronic superficial inflammation of the gastric mucosa.
Historically, it has been assumed that antral gastritis is caused by unbalanced nutrition, abuse of alcohol, nicotine, caffeine, as well as spicy and acidic spices and spices, violation of diet, regular stress and other external factors.
In the absence of timely and proper treatment prescribed by a gastroenterologist, antral gastritis can acquire a degenerative-dystrophic form and cause scarring in the gastric mucosa, which in turn makes it difficult to move food into the intestines.
The clinical picture is characterized by both general and local symptoms, which manifest themselves, as a rule, during the period of exacerbation of the disease.
Local features include:
- Gastric dyspepsia – spasmodic pain and feeling of “burning” in the epigastrium, belching, nausea, heartburn, sour taste in the mouth
- Intestinal dyspepsia – unstable stool: constipation or relaxation, rumbling, bloating
Common signs of the disease manifest as:
With a protracted, chronic course of the disease, a so-called ulcerous-like symptom complex may appear, which serves as a sign of the development of a peptic ulcer.
Treatment and prevention of antral gastritis
Diet therapy is the first and most important condition for proper treatment. First, it is necessary to exclude products that irritate the gastric mucosa, namely: salted, smoked, spicy and pickled, as well as hot. Secondly, food should be fractional, 5-6 times a day.
Thirdly, at the end of the acute period of the disease, the patient can eat fully, excluding fatty foods, as well as products that can cause the fermentation process: grapes, whole milk and fresh pastries.
Physiotherapy – electrophoresis, applications, infrared laser therapy, acupuncture, contribute to more rapid relief of symptoms.
Still, the basis of the foundations is medical therapy prescribed by the attending physician. First it is necessary to eliminate the root cause of the disease, the pathogenic microflora – the bacteria Helicobacter pylori. To do this, use antibiotics.
Antral gastritis during pregnancy and during breastfeeding
Antal gastritis in the future mother appears, as a rule, if the woman suffered from this disease even before pregnancy. It is necessary to seek help from a doctor immediately, because manifestations of toxicosis sharply increase, vomiting becomes especially frequent.
I must say that all these unpleasant phenomena do not have any negative impact on the state and development of the baby, so you just need to take care of your own well-being. The recipes of traditional medicine, bed rest and proper nutrition will not interfere at all, but the attending physician will prescribe medications.
Antral gastritis in children
In infancy, it happens to every second baby, and its main manifestation is regurgitation. As a rule, in the process of normal development, this phenomenon disappears on its own. It is enough to observe the feeding regime, and at an older age – to exclude from the child’s diet any foods that provoke an increased secretion of the stomach. If the symptoms of gastritis continue to plague, parents should immediately go to the pediatrician.