Intestinal diseases are a very sensitive topic, so many seek help in an already neglected state. Do not be ashamed of the problem, because at an early stage it will be much easier to deal with it. In addition, many intestinal diseases lead to dangerous complications. This organ in the human body is responsible for the absorption of nutrients. Many diseases are associated with it, which differ in certain symptoms, but have several common methods of diagnosis and treatment.
What is bowel disease? These are pathologies in which the intestinal mucosa is affected in a certain part of the organ or along its entire length. Most of the gastrointestinal tract diseases are associated with this department. Doctors say that almost all pathologies of the intestinal canal are well studied, so they are easily treatable, even though this organ has a complex structure. It consists of two departments:
Small intestine. Its function is the absorption of nutrients necessary for the body. The beginning of the department takes from the pylorus of the stomach and ends with ileocecal valve. The latter connects the thick and thin sections of the intestinal canal. Includes duodenal, jejunum and ileum.
Large intestine. Here there are three sections: the blind (with the appendix – the appendix), colon and rectum. Their function is the absorption of water from the “former gruel” into the blood. This department is additionally responsible for the clearance of fecal masses and their timely removal from the body.
The intestinal canal performs several vital functions, such as food digestion, feces evacuation, gas formation, protection from food allergens and infectious agents. For this reason, any disorders associated with this organ affect the general condition of the body. All diseases of this section of the digestive tract are divided into:
- extraintestinal – developed by other organs, but affect the digestive tract;
- intestinal, or local – are connected directly with the intestinal canal.
Major intestinal diseases
This organ has a length of several meters. For this reason, there are many diseases that can affect any of the intestinal sections. The general list of ailments and the name of the intestine, which affects the pathological process:
- sigmoiditis – sigmoid;
- proctitis – straight;
- enteritis – thin;
- colitis – colon;
- appendicitis – appendix;
- duodenitis – thin and duodenal;
- ileitis – ileal;
- typhlitis is blind.
More common diseases of the small intestine, such as enteritis, duodenitis and adhesive disease. Tumors can form here, as in the large intestine. Any of the organ divisions affects Crohn’s disease. Colon diseases are more numerous:
- irritable bowel syndrome;
- ulcerative colitis.
Diseases of the intestinal canal have another classification based on the etiology of ailments. According to this criterion, drug, toxic, traumatic, radiological, congenital and other pathologies are distinguished. More common of them are:
- Infectious diseases. This group includes amebiasis, tuberculosis, syphilis and dysentery.
- Parasitic diseases. These include ankilostomiasis, intestinal miases, scarabiasis, trichinosis, ascariasis, and enterobiosis.
- Hereditary pathology. Associated with congenital
insufficiency of one or another part of the intestinal canal.
There are many different causes of intestinal diseases. In most cases, their development is influenced by several factors at once, which complicates the course of the illness and its subsequent treatment. The most common cause is malnutrition. Spicy, fatty, salty, smoked food, abundance of sugar, fat and additives lead to digestive disorders. Among other causes of diseases stand out:
- genetic predisposition;
- frequent stress;
- bacterial and viral intestinal infections;
- parasitic invasions;
- low-active lifestyle in which peristalsis deteriorates;
- bad habits in the form of smoking, alcohol abuse, drugs;
- medication – the intestinal canal is negatively affected by long-term treatment with antibiotics that kill healthy microflora.