The main symptom of having problems with the intestines is abdominal pain. It can have different localization and intensity depending on the disease. If the pathology is associated with the small intestine, then severe pains are observed around the navel of a pulling and aching character. In case of cramping, patients complain of intestinal colic. In diseases of the colon, the pain is localized in the ileum, left or right. The sensations are bursting, and they weaken after the exhaustion of gases or defecation and are in no way dependent on food intake.
Inflammation of any part of the intestinal canal is accompanied by a digestive tract disorder. It manifests itself in the form of the following symptoms:
- Diarrhea, when the frequency of stool exceeds 3-4 times a day. Feces in diseases of the small intestine are fluid and abundant, can contain particles of undigested food, and with pathologies of the colon, they include traces of mucus or streaks of blood.
- Flatulence. Regardless of the localization of inflammation, bloating can be observed, which increases in the evening.
- Constipation. Long stool retention is characteristic of diseases of the thick section. Often constipation alternates with diarrhea.
- Exchange disorders. This includes anemia, weight loss, vitamin deficiency, which is manifested by dry skin, cracks in the corners of the mouth, pinpoint hemorrhages. Symptoms of bowel disease in women also include a menstrual failure, which is why the disease is confused with inflammation or ovarian cancer.
Symptoms of the disease of the small intestine
The main function of the small intestine is to nourish the body at the cellular level. With inflammation of this department, the absorption of essential nutrients is weakened. The following symptoms indicate this:
- frequent loose stools with an admixture of mucus, blood
- interspersed or residues of undigested food;
- rumbling in the lower abdomen;
- soreness around the navel or in the abdomen on the right.
This disease develops due to the accumulation of eosinophils in the intestinal walls – blood cells responsible for allergies. The reason for this process has not yet been clarified. Provoke an ailment can parasites of domestic animals, food allergies, helminthic infestations. Eosinophilic enteritis affects different layers of the thin section:
- Mucous membrane. As a result of its damage, intolerance to certain products and a syndrome of impaired absorption are observed.
- The muscle sheath. In this case, stiffness and thickening of the wall of the small intestine, symptoms of intestinal obstruction are noted. X-ray reveals pyloric stenosis.
- Subserous tissue. With the defeat of this layer, ascites with eosinophilia in ascitic fluid is observed. Sometimes, due to narrowing of the lumen of the canal, obstruction develops. The main symptom is diarrhea, which occurs in 30-60% of cases.
This rare bowel disease has an infectious nature. It has other names: intestinal lipodystrophy, mesenteric lipogranulomatosis. Whipple’s disease is accompanied by a violation of cellular and humoral immunity. The disease is affected, except for the small intestine, the synovial membranes of the joints and mesenteric lymph nodes. As the disease progresses, other organs are involved in the pathological process. It proceeds in several stages:
- First one. It is accompanied by extraintestinal manifestations: fever, headache, damage to the lymph nodes and joints.
- The second one. There is a pronounced intestinal dysfunction in the form of digestive disorders and weight loss.
- The third. At this stage, the cardiovascular and nervous systems are affected.
Against the background of Whipple’s disease, malabsorption syndrome develops, due to which patients have night blindness, signs of glossitis, cheilitis and gingivitis. The disease begins with an increase in lymph nodes and redness of the skin over the joints. Later signs of damage to the digestive tract join:
- steatorrhea, i.e. fatty stools;
- severe diarrhea with fetid odor and profuse,
- ointment or foamy stools;
- paroxysmal abdominal pain.